Pandangan Rousseau mengenai Pendidikan Anak

Pandangan Rousseau mengenai Pendidikan Anak

Pandangan Rousseau mengenai pendidikan anak memberikan kontribusi terhadap mdetode pembelajaran pada pendidikan anak yang terkenal dengan model pembelajaran berbasis alam.

Sekilas Profil Rousseau

Jean Jacques Rousseau yang hidup antara Tahun 1712 sampai dengan tahun 1778, Dilahirkan di Geneva, Swiss, tetapi sebagian besar waktunya dihabiskan di Perancis.

Pandangan Rousseau terhadap pendidikan anak

Rousseau menyarankan konsep “kembali ke alam” dan pendekatan yang bersifat alamiah dalam pendidikan anak. Bagi Rousseau pendekatan alamiah berarti anak akan berkembang secara optimal, tanpa hambatan. Menurutnya pula bahwa pendidikan yang bersifat alamiah menghasilkan dan memacu berkembangnya kualitas semacam kebahagiaan, spontanitas dan rasa ingin tahu.

Rousseau percaya bahwa walaupun kita telah melakukan kontrol terhadap pendidikan yang diperoleh dari pengalaman sosial dan melalui indera, tetapi kita tetap tidak dapat mengontrol pertumbuhan yang sifatnya alami.

Baca Juga: Lagu Anak untuk Perkenalan ada Hari Pertama Sekolah

Untuk mengetahui kebutuhan anak, guru harus mempelajari ilmu yang berkaitan dengan anak-anak. Tujuannnya adalah agar guru dapat memberikan pelajaran yang sesuai dengan minat anak. Jadi yang menjadi titik pangkal adalah anak.

Baca Juga: Strategi Guru Menghadapi Pandemi Covid-19

Tujuan pendidikan menurut gagasan Rousseau adalah membentuk anak menjadi manusia yang bebas. Rousseau memiliki keyakinan bahwa seorang ibu dapat menjamin pendidikan anaknya secara alamiah. Ia berprinsip bahwa dalam mendidik anak, orang tua perlu memberi kebebasan pada anak agar mereka dapat berkembang secara alamiah

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